Animal Shelter Euthanasia FAQ

Posted with permission of Veterinary Learning Systems ...
Journal - Compendium: Continuing Education for Veterinarians
Article - An Education in Euthanasia
Author - Robert J. Neunzig, DVM, DABVP

Issue - December 2007, Vol. 29, Issue 12, pages 708, 710

Understanding Shelter Euthanasia A Public Service Message from NCRAOA

Report on the AVMA Panel on Euthanasia

AVMA Guidelines for the Euthanasia of Animals: 2013 Edition

NCDA Animal Welfare Section Euthanasia Rules

AVMA. State Laws Governing Euthanasia


Article: Endogenous Gonadal Hormone Exposure and Bone Sarcoma Risk Dawn M. Cooley, Benjamin C. Beranek, Deborah L. Schlittler, Nita W. Glickman, Lawrence T. Glickman and David J. Waters (Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers &Prevention Vol. 11, 1434-1440, November 2002)

Early Spay-Neuter Considerations for the Canine Athlete, One Veterinarian's Opinion � 2005 Chris Zink DVM, PhD, DACVP

Urinary incontinence in castrated bitches. Part 1: Significance, clinical aspects and etiopathogenesis (Abstract) Arnold S. (Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd. 1997;139(6):271-6)

Long term health effects of spay neuter in dogs

AKC National Parent Club 2005 Canine Health Conference Notes - Measuring Behavior and Temperament in Dogs by James Serpell, PhD, University of Pennsylvania

Spay, Neuter, and Cancer: Revisiting and Old Trinity by Myrna Milani, DVM

Determining the optimal age for gonadectomy of dogs and cats. Margaret V. Root Kustritz, DVM, PhD, DACT

Should You OE or Should You OHE? By Phil Zeltzman, DVM, Dipl. ACVS
discussion of ovariectomy (OE) versus ovariohysterectomy (OHE).

At What Age Should I Spay Or Neuter My Dog or Cat? What Are The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Neutering My Pet? Revisiting The Idea Of Early-Age Neutering Ron Hines DVM, PhD

A population study of neutering status as a risk factor for canine prostate cancer.

Don't Neuter Your Dog YET

Rottweiler study links ovaries with exceptional longevity. AVMA Journals. March 2010

Neutering Dogs: Effects on Joint Disorders and Cancers in Golden Retrievers

Golden retriever study suggests neutering affects dog health
Neutering, and the age at which a dog is neutered, may affect the animal’s risk for developing certain cancers and joint diseases, according to a new study of golden retrievers by a team of researchers at the University of California, Davis.

Comprehensive list of articles, discussions, and opinions on benefits, disadvantages, health and behavior issues following spay/neuter


This survey was first completed by NCRAOA in 2005 using a combination of interviews with county personnel and review of available animal control ordinances. Many thanks to animal control personnel and county officials who continue to assist us keeping this overview of county regulations updated.
NC Shelter and Ordinance Data


How many times have you heard the phrase a single female cat and her offspring can produce 420,000 cats over just seven years. Read Trying to Herd a Cat Stat for some interesting information on just how preposterous that statement really is.

AVMA: Market research statistics. Formulas for estimating percentage of pet-owning households and pet population in your community

Numbers test conventional wisdom on "pet overpopulation" by Merritt Clifton

National Council on Pet Population Study & Policy (NCPPSP) Exploring the Surplus Cat and Dog Problem.

The Myth of Over Population in Regard to Shelter Animals

Shelter Populations and Adoptions FAQ

Pet Population Council. Daily across our country the bonds between animals and their owners are broken, resulting in millions of animals being relinquished to shelters. Why?

Gary Patronek VMD, PhD, acting director of the Center for Animals and Public Policy at Tufts University School of Veterinary Medicine discusses pet overpopulation at Conference targeting the disease of euthanasia

Keeping pets in homes. Pets in rental housing.

The Spaniel Journal. Pet Underpopulation: the pet shortage in the US by Loretta Baughan

Behavioral Reasons for Relinquishment of Dogs and Cats to 12 Shelters. Mo D. Salman, Jennifer Hutchison, and Rebecca Ruch-Gallie. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 3(2), 93�106